Installing a wooden skirting board
To install a wooden baseboard, you will need the following tools:
- tape measure, ruler or other measuring device;
- a simple pencil;
- a drill with drills for metal (or wood) and concrete, or a puncher, since you can drill a wooden plinth with a screwdriver;
- saw with a miter box or a simple hacksaw (with small teeth), since if you make repairs in only one room, it is unlikely that for this you will make additional costs for a special tool.
Before starting the installation, it is necessary to allow the wooden skirting boards to lie down for a couple of days in the room in which they will be mounted, so that the wooden skirting boards can adapt to the temperature and humidity of this room.
Now we proceed directly to the installation itself:
1) First of all, you need to lay out the skirting boards along the walls in those places where you are going to install them. Since there are wooden plinths on the surface of which there can be many knots, you should try to put such plinths to where you plan to install furniture (cabinet, sofa, etc.) after the repair is completed.
2) We begin the installation of the skirting board from one of the inner corners of the room, since it is necessary to accurately cut the angle of the skirting boards so that it forms 90 degrees in the end. For this, a miter box is used. If you are doing professional repairs, then you must have this tool, and you know how to use it. But if you are doing the repair for yourself, and you do not need 100% accuracy of the joints, then you can use an ordinary hacksaw for wood with small teeth (so that the hacksaw does not crumble the baseboard).
In order to make a normal connection of baseboards with a hacksaw, you need to use small tricks:
- Put the baseboard on a flat surface (floor, table, etc.) and measure the angle of 45 degrees, just do not start measuring from the very corner of the baseboard (step back at least a centimeter from the corner), so you will need to cut it not exactly perpendicular to the surface of the baseboard.
- Since we are starting to install the baseboard from the inside corner of the room, the first corner that the baseboards form will be internal. Therefore, it is necessary to measure the angle of 45 degrees from the top of the baseboard towards the main part of the baseboard. As a result, it will turn out so that the upper corner of the skirting board should be 45 degrees, and the lower corner should be equal to 135 degrees (as shown in the figure Internal corner). Having measured the angle of 45 degrees, we proceed directly to the cut. Sawing is necessary not exactly perpendicular to the surface of the baseboard, but at an angle of 45 degrees in the direction of the sawed part. In the Figure, the Inner Corner shows what should happen in the end.
- To saw the outer corner with a hacksaw, you must first measure the angle at which we will be sawing. This time we will begin to measure from the bottom of the baseboard upwards, towards the main part of the baseboard, so that we have an upper angle of 135 degrees and a lower angle of 45 degrees. But unlike the internal corner, it is necessary to saw at an angle of 45 degrees not towards the cut-off part, but towards the main part of the baseboard. The figure shows the outer corner of what should be the result.
- If you don’t cut at an angle, but make an end perpendicular to the plane of the baseboard, then you will have a hole in the inner corner, and you won’t even be able to close the outer corner.
Even if everything doesn’t work out perfectly exactly as you would like, then you should not worry, as there is a putty on wood that can be used to eliminate small holes at the joints.
- After washing down the first corner, these skirtings should be fixed in place with the help of self-tapping screws. To do this, I recommend putting a small drill bit for metal in a drill or screwdriver, then install the baseboard against the wall where it will be located in the room. After that, we join the second baseboard to it, and make it so that the angle between them is most successfully adjusted (select the desired angle), that is, there are fewer inconsistencies and cracks. After that, we drill the plinth in three to four places (if it is almost intact, for shorter ones we drill in 2 to 3 places, depending on the length).
- We drill through so that there is a point on the wall from the drill, where we will drill for the dowel. Next, remove the baseboard and put either a drill bit on concrete, or take a hammer drill and drill holes in the marked places. After that, we hammer in the dowel holes in these. And only after all this we fix the baseboard on the screws. To make it easier, I recommend screwing the self-tapping screw into the baseboard (into the hole that was drilled) as a whole, so that it is easier to fix the screws in the dowels. After that, we twist the screws, but do not overdo it so that the baseboard does not burst.
- We repeat the entire algorithm of actions with each baseboard, only taking into account corrections for external and internal angles. From the main corner you should walk in a circle until you stumble upon a doorway, then I recommend returning to the original corner and going in the opposite direction.
- I advise you not to do all the cuts at once, and only then fix the baseboards. Because no matter how you try, you won’t get the perfect fit without phasing your skirtings.
- After you have fixed all the skirting boards, you can begin to finish, that is, putty (putty on wood) joints and corners, as well as self-tapping heads. Next, you can paint and plinth varnish, or immediately varnish.